Product design becomes a crucial stage in the product development process. This is the first stage in a sequence of events that finally results in a new product. The result of design process is a statement of features that a specific product should have when development is completed. Some questions that should be answered in design process are:

    What will be product function,
    What its properties will be,
    The range of probable cost,
    Required aesthetic attributes etc.

The product definition list gives the designer many things to consider simultaneously. Modern designers have a much longer list because they need to consider related product attributes that may, in the end, determine the product's success or failure. The paradigm for these latter considerations is called "Design for X" which will be particularly introduced later in this primer. At this point it is important to note that in the present time Design for Environment plays a significant role in designing process. The environmental attributes of the future product have to be identified at this stage and built into the design. Modern designers have to have the environmental impact of the future product in their mind during every step in design cycle, such as:

    Material Management,
    Detailed Product Design,
    Product-Process Interactions,
    Interactions with suppliers,
    Marketing Interactions, etc.

The following topics related to Environmentally Conscious Design (ECD) will be introduced:

    Design for X
    Product Life Cycle,
    Principles of ECD,
    Practice of ECD.

In addition, Examples and Case Studies are defined.