Chips can be defined almost completely by the following characteristics:
The reason that you cannot completely define the chip's shape is that irregularities exist in the chip. As stated before, chips may deform by shear banding rather than by continuous, uniform shear. This means that they do not have a true deformed chip thickness. They have a nominal deformed chip thickness. They may also have kinks within the chip as an inheritance from near breaks in the chip.
The figure below is reprinted from the PhD thesis of Cornelius Spaans, Delft University, 1970, p. 132.
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Steve Batzer at firstname.lastname@example.org